Factors Affecting Caring Efficacy and Job Satisfaction in Australian Registered Nurses
Anderson, Debra Jane
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(41st Biennial Convention) Aim : The purpose of this study is to identify relationships between socio-demographic factors, caring efficacy and job satisfaction in Australian registered nurses. METHODS : A cross-sectional survey was undertaken. A stratified random sample of registered nurses, who were members of an Australian professional and industrial organisation, participated. Descriptive and correlation analyses, one-way ANOVA tests, simple linear regression and multivariable analyses were conducted to examine relationships between the variables. RESULTS : There were 639 respondents to the national survey. The majority of respondents (100%) showed positive caring-efficacy scores and 80.8% showed positive job satisfaction scores. An ANOVA found significant positive relationships between caring-efficacy and age, marital status and health sector (p < 0.01). Significant positive relationships were found between job satisfaction and specialty area, health sector and Australian states (p < 0.01). Correlation analysis found age, years experience and years in current job, were all highly, positively correlated (r > 0.1: p < 0.01). CE was also highly correlated with age and years experience (r>0.1: p < 0.01). Caring-efficacy and job satisfaction were highly correlated with each other (r > 0.1: p < 0.01). Multivariable analysis results showed age, remained significant with caring-efficacy; specialty area and health sector remained significant with job satisfaction. CONCLUSION : Organisations may enhance caring-efficacy by providing programmes involving the four sources of information associated with self-efficacy to new graduates. Future research should further examine these strategies and how they relate to caring-efficacy in nurses. The nursing environment including specialty area and the health sectors should be further investigated for relevance to job satisfaction.