Psychometric Testing o the Collaborative Behavior Scale-Shortened (CBSS)
Stichler, Jaynelle F.
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Session presented on: Thursday, July 25, 2013: Purpose: The purpose of this study was to test the psychometric properties of shortened version of the original Collaborative Behavior Scale (CBS; Cronbach's alpha = .97). Interprofessional and intraprofessional collaboration in nursing has significant effects on nurse job satisfaction, job stress, organizational commitment, professional practice, and optimal patient outcomes; therefore an instrument to measure collaborative behavior is important to nursing and healthcare. Methods: A multi-method approach was used to test psychometric properties of the shortened version of the CBS. Using a panel of five experts, 8 items were chosen from the original 20 item survey based on the original concept analysis that identified three dimensions of collaboration, (1) balancing of power, (2) integration, and (3) interpersonal valuing, and the original theoretical frameworks of Deutsch, Homans and Kilmann and Thomas. The shortened CBS was used in a multi-site study (36 hospitals) to evaluate stress among nurse front-line managers (n = 480). Results: The CBSS demonstrated a Cronbach's alpha of .96 with item total correlations ranging from .84 to .90. Convergent and discriminate validity of the instrument was confirmed using a multitrait-multimethod approach which correlated the CBSS with the Ito & Peterson's Participation in Decision Making Scale (r =.436**) and the Job Control Decision Authority scale (r = .502 **) for convergent validity and the Meyer and Allen Continuance Commitment Scale (r = .106*) and Cortina et al. Workplace Incivility Scale (r = -.483**) for divergent validity. The CBSS was also significantly correlated with organizational voice, supervisor support, and job satisfaction that have been previously reported to be associated with collaborative behavior. Conclusion: The CBSS has application to nursing in assessing the collaborative behavior of nurses in interactive situations, measuring the effect of collaboration resulting from shared governance initiatives with Magnet journeys, and determining the effect of collaboration on professional practice environments.