The Causes of Child Labour: A Sample of Children Working on the Streets in Turkey
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Session presented on: Friday, July 26, 2013: Purpose: The purpose of the research was to conduct an in-depth examination in a neighborhood where many children were working on the streets in order to determine the factors contributing to this occurrence. Methods: This is a qualitative study. The research data was collected using the technique of individual in-depth interviews. The study encompassed interviews with seven children working on the streets, nine mothers whose children were working on the streets. The interviews took place at home visits conducted over the period May-July 2011. Data were evaluated content analysis. In the content analysis of the data, the views of three experts familiar with qualitative research techniques were enlisted. Names were kept confidential in the breakdown and evaluation of the data. Ethical approval from the Marmara University Institute of Health Sciences Ethics Board was obtained for the research. The informed consent of the participants was also acquired. Results: The main themes and sub-themes that were formulated at the end of the content analysis were: socioeconomic and political factors (poverty, unemployment, migration); environmental factors (the neighborhood in which the children lived, the streets as a working environment); cultural factors (the perspective on child labor and the value placed on children, the perspective on women's labor); family factors (inadequate conditions at home); intra-familial interaction (interaction between parents, interaction between child and mother, interaction between child and father); maternal factors; paternal factors; characteristics of the child (characteristics of the child who decides for him/herself to go out and work, the child sent out to work by his/her mother). Conclusion: The in-depth analysis of the factors contributing to why children work on the streets provides guidance in terms of preventing child labor on the streets.