Research Designs for Dissemination and Implementation
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Session presented on Sunday, July 27, 2014: Purpose: The purpose of this presentation is to define translation research, determine readiness for dissemination and implementation research and identify appropriate study designs, funding sources, and feasibility and adaptation methods. Methods: We will describe differences between key terminologies used in this area. Algorithms will be presented for assessing your program of research for readiness for D & I, and to differentiate between efficacy and effectiveness testing. Within the context of translation to community and clinical practice settings, methods will be described for adaptation, adoption, fidelity, outcomes and impacts, scalability and sustainability and the limitations and advantages of each. Results: Exemplars of the key concepts above will focus on previous community-centered interventions designed to change health promotion behaviors. We will also address cost-effectiveness aims, feasibility of D & I designs, and empirical testing of evidence-based interventions both in the U.S. and abroad. Conclusion: For optimal health benefits, efficacious interventions must be tested for Dissemination and Implementation. Dissemination and Implementation evaluation models must account for both effectiveness testing, adaptation and reach in practice settings.