IN THE ACUTE CARE SETTING WHAT IS THE EFFECT OF BEDSIDE NURSING REPORT ON PATIENT SAFETY WHEN COMPARED WITH TRADITIONAL REPORTING METHODS: An Evidence-Based Project
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The purpose of this evidence-based project was to examine the effect of bedside report on patient outcomes and nurse/patient satisfaction. Many key components to the report could be affected if report is done through audiotaping or through written reports during handoff. The PICO(T) question for this evidence-based project was “In the acute care setting, what is the effect of bedside nursing report on patient safety when compared with traditional reporting methods?” A literature search was conducted using Cumulative Index of Nursing & Allied Health (CINAHL Plus), PsycINFO, MEDLINE, and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (CDSR) databases. Six research articles were determined to have clinical and statistical significance in relation to this evidence-based project. Evidence from the critical analysis of these articles supported the position that bedside reporting had a positive impact on patient safety. The evidence-based review provided insight to stakeholders that not only patient safety and outcomes could be affected, but also the satisfaction of patients and nurses. Implications for practice and nursing administration included potential safety improvements with implementation of a bedside reporting, decreasing overtime costs with a shortened reporting timeframe, and promoting the support and encouragement from all levels in the process of change. The implications for nursing education included mentor guidance and support while providing a stimulating learning environment for the nursing students. Implications for nursing research included further follow up studies to investigate the long term results of bedside reporting and the impact on patient safety and satisfaction.
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