The Effect of Music in the PACU on Recovery Time and Patient Satisfaction
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Purpose: To examine the ability of patient-selected music to reduce pain perception, decrease post-anesthesia care unit (PACU) time, and improve patient satisfaction relative to usual ambient noise.
Design: Patients presenting for emergent surgery at a Midwestern community hospital (n=38) received music in one of five genres they selected via headphones within 5 min of PACU arrival. Control patients (n=39) had surgery as usual during the same 12 month period.
Methods: Outcomes included PACU time, medication use, pain scores, and patient satisfaction via standardized questionnaire.
Findings: Patients receiving music had shorter recovery times (43 versus 52 min, p=.012) and a trend for decreased pain medication requirements (31.6% versus 48.7%, p=.096). Patient satisfaction improved for all PACU patients (87% positive in quarter of study versus 61% in quarter before). Satisfaction of music patients was uniformly positive.
Conclusions: Music is a low-cost, non-invasive nursing intervention that may facilitate patient recovery in the PACU.
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