A study to assess the knowledge and the practices adopted by the mothers for their babies vaccinated with BCG in selected areas in Mumbai
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Background of the study:
Tuberculosis remains a worldwide public health problem despite the fact that the causative organism was discovered more than 100 years ago and highly effective drugs and vaccine (BCG) are available making tuberculosis a preventable and curable disease. Pertaining to BCG vaccination in children, the improper practices of this vaccination leads to ineffective immunity making the child susceptible to tuberculosis.
The aim of study is to find out the various improper practices of post BCG vaccination care prevalent in the community;
Objectives of the study:
- To familiarize with the various practices followed during the care of babies who are vaccinated with BCG.
- To assess the knowledge of the mothers regarding the post BCG vaccination care of the children.
- To explore the association between the mothers’ knowledge of practice and selected demographic variables.
The research approach is explorative approach, the design is survey research design, and the setting is various immunization centers in Mumbai. The sample includes 50 mothers attending the immunization clinics. The tool consists of Section A: Demographic data consisting of 8 items, Section B: Multiple-choice questions consisting of 12 items.
The finding of the study shows that 88% of mothers followed good practices for post BCG care and of the 12% that did not, 6% applied cold fomentation, 4% applied oil/sandal wood and 2% massaged the site
Interpretation and Conclusion: Over all findings showed that majority of mothers carried out proper practices for the babies who were vaccinated with BCG; the study also showed that only 6% of mothers knew that the BCG vaccine prevents Tuberculosis. The study also revealed that 60% of the mothers reported that there was no papule formation post BCG vaccination.