The Experience of the Coronary Patient in the Recovery Process of Acute Myocardial Infarction
Pratz Andrade, Ma. Teresa
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Session presented on Thursday, July 23, 2015: Introduction: At present, have developed new therapeutic measures making the survival of people suffering from acute myocardial infarction (AMI) increase, however the experiences they have patients on this condition and treatment, rehabilitation and needs support required to meet the recovery process are not well documented. Acute myocardial infarction is a sudden illness that requires specialized and immediate favorable decision for management, however, recurrence of infarction was observed through reentry intensive care units, increasing the risk of mortality and making apparent lack a preparation for continuous home care. Purpose: Understanding the experience of the coronary patient in the recovery of myocardial based on various forms of management. Methods: Phenomenological qualitative study, carried out in-depth interviews in the homes of the participants, using an interpretative phenomenological analysis. The selection of participants was coronary patients attended in a public health institution of tertiary care. Results Nine interviews were conducted coronary patients, the issues raised are given to the torque from the acute event of illness, the treatment process until the recovery process at home, whose subjects include; feeling sick, coping with this situation, complications of treatment, care required at home and myocardial recovery process. Results: Nine interviews were conducted coronary patients, the issues raised are given to the torque from the acute event of illness, the treatment process until the recovery process at home, whose subjects include; feeling sick, coping with this situation, complications of treatment, care required at home and myocardial recovery process Discussion: The abrupt change of life does not allow them to call the event using phrases such as "what happened to me" "what happened to the future does not exist as such, only live now, so it is not a life plan establishes ", "do not know it's going to happen, "living with physical and economic constraints" and "not working I spend at home ", "I do what he did before, making it difficult the recovery process." Conclusion: This approach to people on survival to a heart attack, envision ourselves as the disease occurs in different dimensions (physical, social, economic and emotional) and needs support required in the recovery process, providing a framework to establish a strategy for the nursing rehabilitation in coronary artery disease.