Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease and Its Related Factors among Women: Korean Nurse's Health Study
Jang, Hee Jung
Lee, Jung Eun
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Session presented on Sunday, July 26, 2015: Purpose: The purpose of this research was intented to assess GastroEsophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) of women working as hospital nurses and to investigate its related factors. Factors were composed of four factors as like demographic characteristic's factors; age, education level, marital status, physiological factors: BMI, sleep disturbance, fatigue, psychological factors; depression, anxiety, and perceived health status factors; smoking status, drinking status, perceived health status. Methods: Data were collected from July, 2013 to Oct, 2014 by the Korea Nurses' Health Study(KNHS). A total 15,237 data were analyzed using SPSS PC+ win 20.0 according to aim of statistical analysis as descriptive analysis, ?2 test, multivariate logistic regression analysis. Results: Women having GERD were 2219 nurses(14.6%) of total 15237 nurses. Multivariate logistic regression found significant effects for GERD at age of thirties(OR 1.5 [95% confidence interval 1.3-1.7], p=.000) and forties(OR 1.9 [95% confidence interval 1.6-2.4], p=.000), marital status as married(OR 1.2 [95% confidence interval 1.0-1.3], p=.008), divorce and bereaved status(OR 1.9 [95% confidence interval 1.1-3.3], p=.023), stop smoker(OR 1.6 [95% confidence interval 1.3-2.2], p=.000), and perceived health status(OR 1.5 [95% confidence interval 1.4-1.6], p=.000). Conclusion: This study showed that the major factors influencing on GERD among women nurses were age, marital status, stop smoker, perceived health status. For evidence based practice, the educational program that prevent GERD of women considering risk factors will be developed. This research was supported by a fund (2013E6300600, 2013E6300600-1) by Research of Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.