Pediatric Syndromes and Their Conundrums
Cresencia, Allan Joseph V.
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Session presented on Saturday, July 23, 2016 and Sunday, July 24, 2016: Aim: To create a condensed list of common and some rare pediatric syndromes. The list of syndromes will contain important information regarding each type of syndrome. Background: Pediatric syndromes capture a wide range of disorders that a clinician must be able to recognize and manage the care. There are over 200 types of documented pediatric syndromes. Understanding important details in each type will provide guidance in delivering safe and effective nursing care. This poster will present a condensed list (overview) of the most common and rare pediatric syndromes and their complexities. It will provide a list of important systems involved in each syndrome that a nurse must be able to manage when taking care of a client that has a syndrome. The list of syndromes with their systems involved will assist the nurse in planning and managing the care of a client with a syndrome. Method: The syndromes listed were selected based on their frequency (common and rare) of occurrence. The selection process was based on the syndrome's frequency in the perioperative clinical setting of a level 1 trauma, children's hospital. Results: The condensed list of pediatric syndromes and their conundrums produced 44 syndromes that were considered common and some were rare. Conclusion: Creating a list of common and some rare pediatric syndromes and their complexities was a process that involved clinical practice experience and academic knowledge about syndromes. The list of pediatric syndromes was divided into 14 categories for ease of understanding of each group of syndromes. The categories provided were definitions, further explanations and important descriptions of each collection of syndromes. Clinical Relevance: It is important to know that managing the respiratory system is of primary concern when dealing with a pediatric syndrome client. After establishing the control of airway, the next key points to remember are the systems involved and affected by the syndrome. The condensed list of pediatric syndromes with key information regarding each syndrome will assist a nurse in providing safe and effective nursing care.