The Development of an Immunization Training Program for Low-Income Families Within the Community
Cooper, Amanda W.
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Objective: The purpose of this study was to assess knowledge levels regarding childhood immunizations among low-income parents in an effort to improve the immunization rate of 19 to 35 month old children. Design and Sample: Participants (n=36) were administered a pre- and post-test questionnaire asking for correct identification of vaccine needs of children 19 to 35 months of age. Measurements: Descriptive statistics and McNemar’s test were uses to answer the PICOT question and define the sample. Intervention: A QI project using the Plan-Do-Study-Act (PDSA) cycle was implemented in a public health department care setting in Georgia to provide childhood immunization training for low-income parents. Results: Thirty- six parents were enrolled in the program; all were mothers. Only 26.6 % (n= 9) of the mothers displayed adequate immunization knowledge and practice scores before the program. After the implementation of the training program, 73.4% (n=27) of the mothers displayed adequate knowledge and practice scores. The 4:3:1:3:3:1:3 vaccination series immunization rate for children 19 to 35 months of age remained at 46% for the county. Conclusion: An immunization training program on childhood immunization for parents within a low-income community, had a positive change in their knowledge related to childhood immunization in comparison with the baseline results.