Exploring the Risk Factors for Substance Abuse Development Among Adolescents
Gray, Lauren E.
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<p>Substance abuse (SA) is a complex problematic phenomenon that continues to affect the young population, particularly adolescents. Research shows that this epidemic involves many different factors leading up to SA initiation. Common psychological, social, and familial factors are discussed in this literature review. Adolescents can present with behavioral risk factors as a result of internal or external experiences both past and present. Neuman’s Systems Model serves as a theory for understanding how SA can alter multiple aspects of an individual’s life, as well as their families and vice versa. For advanced practice registered nurses (APRNs), early identification of these risk factors could aid in primary prevention interventions for these adolescents. Additionally, this literature review will discuss specific screening tools currently available for APRNs to use in practice and explore whether they have proven to be beneficial for future prevention efforts. The results of research conducted to identify risk factors for development of SA suggests the need for increased recognition of well-developed screening tools to be used in primary care settings by APRNs. </p>